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Table 7 Description of included studies

From: Applicability of the mandibular canine index for sex estimation: a systematic review

Study Subjects Age (years) Tooth Studied material Examiners Origin population
Acharya and Mainali 2009 123 (M = 65 and F = 58) 19–28 33 and 43 Plaster models a Nepal
Acharya et al. 2011 205 (M = 103 and F = 102) 19–32 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Anu et al. 2018 150 (M = 75 and F = 75) 18–22 13, 23, 33 and 43 In situ a India
Atreya et al. 2019 80 (M = 40 and F = 40) –ª 33 and 43 Plaster models one Nepal
Azevedo et al. 2019 120 (M = 50 and F = 70) 16–30 33 and 43 Plaster models a Portugal
Bai et al. 2018 300 (M = 150 and F = 150) 18–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a a
Bakkannavar et al. 2015 500 (M = 250 and F = 250) 15–25 13, 23, 33 and 43 In situ a India
Dhakar et al. 2012 150 (M = 75 and F = 75) 14–20 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Divyadharsini and Kumar 2019 100 (M = 50 and F = 50) 19–26 33 and 43 In situ a India
Duraiswamy et al. 2009 145 14–15 33 and 43 Plaster models two India
Gandhi et al. 2017 62 (M = 31 and F = 31) 15–25 33 and 43 Plaster models one India
Gargano et al. 2014 1000 (M = 501 e F = 499) 18–60 13, 23, 33 and 43 Plaster models one Uruguay
Grover et al. 2013 80 (M = 40 and F = 40) 18–20 33 and 43 In situ two India
Gupta et al. 2014 60 (M = 30 and F = 30) 15–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Gupta and Daniel 2016 106 (M = 53 and F = 53) 18–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Hosmani et al. 2013 100 (M = 50 and F = 50) 15–21 33 and 43 Plaster models one India
Ibeachu et al. 2012 300 (M = 150 and F = 150) 18–30 33 and 43 In situ a Nigeria
Iqbal et al. 2015 216 (M = 107 and F = 109) 18–25 33 and 43 Plaster models two China
Jacob et al. 2018 1000 (M = 500 and F = 500) 18–25 33 and 43 Plaster models two India
Kakkar et al. 2013 250 (M = 175 and F = 175) 17–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Kaushal et al. 2003 60 (M = 30 and F = 30) 17–21 33 and 43 In situ and plaster models –ª India
Kaushal et al. 2004 60 (M = 30 and F = 30) 17–21 33 and 43 In situ a India
Krishnan et al. 2016 50 (M = 25 and F = 25) 18–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Kumawat et al. 2017 300 (M = 150 and F = 150) 17–25 33 and 43 Plaster models one India
Lagos et al. 2016 150 (M = 65 and F = 85) 18–24 33 and 43 Plaster models a Chile
Latif et al. 2016 150 (M = 75 and F = 75) 17–40 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Mohsenpour et al. 2017 100 (M = 50 and F = 50) 18–35 13, 23, 33 and 43 In situ a Iran
Muhamedagić and Sarajlić 2013 180 (M = 90 and F = 90) –ª 33 and 43 In situ a Bosnia and Herzegovina
Muller et al. 2001 424 (M = 214 and F = 210) –ª 33 and 43 In situ ten France
Muthukumar and Thenmozhi 2018 50 (M = 25 and F = 25) 18–25 33 and 43 In situ a India
Nadendla et al. 2016 120 (M = 60 and F = 60) 20–30 33 and 43 In situ and radiography a India
Nagalaxmi et al. 2014 60 (M = 30 and F = 30) 20–30 33 and 43 In situ and two a
Narang et al. 2014 410 (M = 200 and F = 210) 20–40 33 and 43 plaster models one India
Otuaga and Chris-Ozoko 2012 200 (M = 100 and F = 100) 17–21 33 and 43 In situ a Nigeria
Paramkusam et al. 2014 120 (M = 60 and F = 60) 18–25 13, 23, 33 and 43 In situ and plaster models one India
Patel et al. 2017 400 (M = 200 and F = 200) 21–40 33 and 43 In situ and Plaster models three India
Patil et al. 2015 200 15–50 13, 23, 33 and 43 In situ a India
Priyadharshini et al. 2018 100 (M = 50 and F = 50) 20–25 33 and 43 In situ two India
Rajarathnam et al. 2016 200 (M = 100 and F = 100) 18–25 33 and 43 In situ and Plaster models a India
Rao et al. 1989 766 (M = 382 and F = 384) 15–21 33 and 43 In situ two India
Reddy et al. 2008 200 (M = 100 and F = 100) 17–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Sassi et al. 2012 112 (M = 56 and F = 56) 21–60 33 and 43 Plaster models one Uruguay
Shahid et al. 2018 128 (M = 64 and F = 64) 18–24 33 Plaster models >one Pakistan
Sharma and Gorea 2010 177 17–50 13, 23, 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Sherfudhin et al. 1996 301 (M = 150 and F = 151) 14–17 13, 23, 33 and 43 In situ One India
Silva et al. 2016 120 (M = 50 and F = 70) 16–30 33 and 43 Plaster models Two Portugal
Singh et al. 2012 60 (M = 30 and F = 30) 20–25 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Singh et al. 2015 100 (M = 45 and F = 55) 20–30 33 and 43 Plaster models two India
Sreedhar et al. 2015 60 (M = 30 and F = 30) 19–30 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
Srivastava 2010 400 (M = 200 and F = 200) 17–21 33 and 43 In situ two India
Vijayan et al. 2019 100 (M = 50 and F = 50) 18–25 33 and 43 Plaster models one India
Vishwakarma and Guha 2011 180 (M = 90 and F = 90) 17–23 33 and 43 In situ a India
Yadav et al. 2002 360 (M = 180 and F = 180) 15–21 33 and 43 Plaster models a India
  1. aNot found