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Table 6 Outcomes of the assessment of the risk of bias within eligible cross-sectional studies

From: Applicability of the mandibular canine index for sex estimation: a systematic review

Authors Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 % Risk
Acharya and Mainali 2009 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Anu et al. 2018 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Unclear Yes 68.75% Moderate
Atreya et al. 2019 Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Unclear 56.25% Moderate
Bai et al. 2018 Yes No Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Bakkannavar et al. 2015 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Unclear 56.25% Moderate
Dhakar et al. 2012 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Divyadharsini and Kumar 2019 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Duraiswamy et al. 2009 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Gandhi et al. 2017 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Gargano et al. 2014 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Grover et al. 2013 (contd.) Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Unclear 68.75% Moderate
Hosmani et al. 2013 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Ibeachu et al. 2012 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Kakkar et al. 2013 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Kaushal et al. 2003 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Kaushal et al. 2004 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Krishnan et al. 2016 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Kumawat et al. 2017 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Latif et al. 2016 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Unclear 68.75% Moderate
Mohsenpour et al. 2017 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
MuhamedagIic and Sarajlic 2013 No No Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 37.50% High
Muller et al. 2001 Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 62.50% Moderate
Muthukumar and Thenmozhi 2018 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Unclear 56.25% Moderate
Nadendla et al. 2016 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Nagalaxmi et al. 2014 Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 62.50% Moderate
Narang et al. 2014 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Otuaga and Chris-Ozoko 2012 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Paramkusam et al. 2014 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Patel et al. 2017 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Patil et al. 2015 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Priyadharshini et al. 2018 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 62.50% Moderate
Rao et al. 1989 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Reddy et al. 2008 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Sharma and Gorea 2010 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Singh et al. 2012 Yes Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Unclear 56.25% Moderate
Singh et al. 2015 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Srivastava 2010 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Vijayan et al. 2019 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes 75% Low
Vishwakarma and Guha 2011 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Yes 50% Moderate
Yadav et al. 2002 No Yes Unclear Yes No No Unclear Unclear 43.75% High