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Table 3 Comparison between the gene expression levels in dried nasal swabs

From: Identification of body fluids—menstrual blood, saliva, and nasal secretions—over different periods of time, using mRNA

Nasal genes (mean ± SD)
STATH B-actin p value BPIFA1 B-actin p value STATH BPIFA1 p value
28.05 ± 2.91 24.99 ± 3.15 0.003** 33.78 ± 4.41 24.99 ± 3.15 < 0.001** 28.05 ± 2.91 33.78 ± 4.41 <0.001**
25.90 ± 3.53 20.15 ± 2.41 < 0.001** 32.21 ± 3.02 20.15 ± 2.41 < 0.001** 25.90 ± 3.53 32.21 ± 3.02 <0.001**
21.81 ± 3.62 18.57 ± 2.37 0.002** 27.78 ± 4.69 18.57 ± 2.37 < 0.001** 21.81 ± 3.62 27.78 ± 4.69 0.001**
  1. B-actin Beta-actin, STATH Statherin, BPIFA1 Lipid-binding protein that plays a role in the innate immune responses of the upper airway, SD Standard deviation
  2. Paired t test (*P is significant if < 0.05, **P is highly significant if < 0.01)