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Table 3 Factors affecting violence exposure among participating women during the COVID-19 pandemic

From: Violence and sociodemographic related factors among a sample of Egyptian women during the COVID-19 pandemic

Factors Total Violence (n = 223)
n (%) P value
Age
 18–24 97 48(49.5) 0.050
 25–29 128 66(51.6)  
 30–39 213 82(38.5)  
 ≥ 40 71 27(38.0)  
Residence area
 Urban 376 162(43.1) 0.579
 Rural 133 61(45.9)  
Residence governorates
 Greater Cairo 265 100(37.7) 0.004*
 Outside Greater Cairo 244 123(50.4)  
Education level
 Basic education 12 5(41.7) 0.396
 High school 32 17(53.1)  
 University education 266 122(45.9)  
 Postgraduate 199 79(39.7)  
Marital status
 Single 166 81(48.8) 0.327
 Married 321 131(40.8)  
 Divorced 17 9(52.9)  
 Widow 5 2(40.0)  
Working status before COVID-19 pandemic
 Working 313 133(42.5) 0.448
 Not working 196 90(45.9)  
Children number
 0 28 14(50.0) 0.377
 1–2 209 91(43.5)  
 3–4 100 35(35.0)  
 ≥ 5 6 2(33.3)  
Husband education
 Basic education 12 5(41.7) 0.141
 High school 25 14(56.0)  
 University education 186 80(43.0)  
 Postgraduate 98 32(32.7)  
Participants working status during COVID-19 pandemic
 Working 217 85(39.2) 0.069
 Not Working 292 138(47.3)  
Husband work during COVID-19 pandemic
 Working 268 99(36.9) 0.002*
 Not working 53 32(60.4)  
Husband working hours change
 Reduced working hours 207 96(46.4) 0.005*
 Remain constant 99 29(29.3)  
 Increased hours 8 1(12.5)  
Violence before COVID-19 pandemic
 No 315 29(7.2) < 0.001*
 Yes 194 194(100)  
  1. *P < 0.05 is statistically significant