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Table 2 Violence exposure and different experienced forms of violence

From: Violence and sociodemographic related factors among a sample of Egyptian women during the COVID-19 pandemic

Violence exposure—types n (%)
Ever exposed to violence before COVID-19 pandemic 194 (38.1)
Exposed to violence during COVID-19 pandemic 223 (43.8)
Type of violence (n = 223) a
 Emotional violence 214 (96.0)
  Physical violence 91 (40.8)
 Sexual violence 30 (13.5)
Emotional violence (n = 214) a
 Insulted her or made her feel bad about herself 163 (76.2)
 Humiliated her in front of others 113 (52.8)
 Threatened to harm her or harm someone she cares about 67 (31.3)
 Any form of physical or sexual violence 42 (19.6)
 Other forms of emotional violence 122 (57.0)
Physical violence (n = 91) a
 Shook or pushed her 79 (86.8)
 Twisted her arm or pulled her hair 51 (56.0)
 Punched her with a fist 46 (50.5)
 Slapped her 44 (48.4)
 Kicked, dragged, or beat her 32 (35.2)
 Threatened or attacked her with a knife or other weapon 21 (23.1)
 Tried to strangle or intentionally burn her 15 (16.5)
 Other forms of physical violence 35 (38.5)
Injuries resulted from physical violence (n = 91)
 Bruises 21 (23.1)
 Cut wounds 1 (1.1)
 Eye injuries 4 (4.4)
 Burns 1 (1.1)
Sexual violence (n = 30) a
 Forced her to have sexual relation when she did not want 27 (90.0)
 Physically forced her to do any other sexual acts that she did not want 21 (70.0)
 Threatened her to perform sexual acts she did not want 13 (43.3)
 Other forms of sexual violence 18 (60)
Offenders (n = 223) a
 Husband—ex husband 98 (43.9)
 Male family member not husband 56 (25.1)
 Female family member 44 (19.7)
 Preferred not to answer 90 (40.4)
 Non-family 32 (14.3)
Response (n = 223)
 Nothing 120 (53.8)
 Told someone but not for help 52 (23.3)
 Faced situation herself and took an action 51 (22.9)
  1. aParticipants reported more than one answer