Skip to main content

Table 2 Categorization and coding of handwriting characteristics along selected variables

From: Forensic examination of effects of rheumatoid arthritis on handwriting characteristics

S. No. Handwriting characteristics Code Codes along variables Categorization of characteristics
Category 1 (0) Category 2 (1)
1. Rhythm RM RM_OH/RM_AH 0 = Smooth 1 = Deteriorated
2. Tremors TM TM_OH/TM_AH 0 = Absent 1 = Present
3. Pen lifts PN PN_OH/PN_AH 0 = Absent 1 = Present
4. Retouching/overwriting RO RO_OH/RO_AH 0 = Absent 1 = Present
5. Letter formation DL DL_OH/DL_AH 0 = Absent 1 = Present
6. Overall writing speed WS WS_OH/WS_AH 0 = Fast 1 = Slow
7. Omission of letters/parts OM OM_OH/OM_AH 0 = Absent 1 = Present
8. Simplification/abbreviation SM SM_OH/SM_AH 0 = Absent 1 = Present
9. Initial and terminal strokes IT IT_OH/IT_AH 0 = Tapered 1 = Tremulous/blunt
10. Connecting strokes NC NC_OH/NC_AH 0 = Smooth/curved 1 = Tremulous/angular
11. Overall size SI SI_OH/SI_AH 0 = Constant 1 = Increase/decrease
12. Slant SL SL_OH/SL_AH 0 = Vertical/forward/backward/mixed 1 = Variation
13. Spacing SP SP_OH/SP_AH 0 = Narrow/wide/constant 1 = Variation
14. Alignment AG AG_OH/AG_AH 0 = Horizontal/uphill/downhill/mixed 1 = Variation
Variables
 1. Pre-condition (before RA) OH
 2. Post-condition (after RA) AH
  1. Categorization and coding of handwriting characteristics and variables selected for the study for statistical analysis