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Table 4 Coping strategies among forensic physicians with low and moderate/high levels of burnout (N = 133)

From: Work burnout and coping strategies among Egyptian forensic physicians: a national study

Brief COPE Questionnaire subscales Emotional exhaustion Depersonalization Personal accomplishment
Median (min–max) Low BO High BO Low BO High BO Low BO High BO
(n = 36) (n = 97) (n = 64) (n = 69) (n = 32) (n = 101)
I. Adaptive coping 48 (22–64) 45 (27–64) 48 (22–64) 48 (27–64) 47 (22–64) 49 (34–64) 46 (22–64)*
• Problem-focused: 18 (6–24) 18 (11–24) 18 (6–24) 18 (11–24) 18 (6–24) 18.5 (12–24) 18 (6–24)*
 Active coping 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 5 (2–8)*** 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8)***
 Planning 6 (2–8) 6 (4–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (4–8) 6 (2–8) 7 (4–8) 6 (2–8)**
 Use of instrumental support 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8)
• Emotion-focused: 29 (15–40) 27 (16–40) 30 (15–40) 30 (16–40) 29 (15–40) 31 (21–40) 28 (15–40)*
 Religion 8 (2–8) 6.5 (2–8) 8 (4–8) 7 (2–8) 8 (4–8)* 7 (4–8) 8 (2–8)
 Use of emotional support 6 (2–8) 4.5 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 5 (2–8)
 Acceptance 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8) 6.5 (4–8) 6 (2–8)**
 Positive reframing 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 6 (2–8)*
 Humor 5 (2–8) 4 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 4 (2–8)*
II. Maladaptive/dysfunctional coping: 24 (12–42) 22 (14–42) 25 (12–37)* 25 (14–42) 24 (12–36) 25 (15–35) 24 (12–42)
 Venting 6 (2−8) 5 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 6 (3–8) 5 (2–8)
 Self-distraction 5 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 6 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 6 (4–8) 5 (2–8)*
 Denial 4 (2–8) 3.5 (2–8) 4 (2–7) 4 (2–8) 4 (2–7) 3.5 (2–7) 4 (4–8)
 Behavioral disengagement 4 (2–8) 3 (2–8) 4 (2–8) 3.5 (2–8) 4 (2–8)* 4 (2–6) 4 (2–8)
 Self-blame 4 (2–8) 4 (2–8) 4 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 4 (2–8) 5 (2–8) 4 (2–8)
 Substance use 2 (2–8) 2 (2–8) 2 (2–8) 2 (2–8) 2 (2–6) 2 (2–6) 2 (2–8)
  1. Note: BO = burnout
  2. *, **, *** significant at p ≤ 0.05, ≤ 0.01, and ≤ 0.001, respectively