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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with moderate/high burnout levels among forensic physicians (N = 133)

From: Work burnout and coping strategies among Egyptian forensic physicians: a national study

Factor Total Emotional exhaustion Depersonalization Personal accomplishment
n (%) a n (%) COR (95% CI) n (%) COR (95% CI) n (%) COR (95% CI)
Overall   133 97 (72.9)   69 (51.9)   101 (75.9)  
Sex Male
Female
56 (42.1)
77 (57.9)
49 (87.5)***
48 (62.3)
4.2 (1.7–10.6)
r (1)
42 (75.0)***
27 (35.1)
5.6 (2.6–12.0)
r (1)
36 (64.3)
65 (84.4)***
r (1)
3.0 (1.3–6.8)
Age (years) ≤ 39
> 39
73 (54.9)
60 (45.1)
55 (75.3)
42 (70.0)
1.3 (0.6–2.8)
r (1)
44 (60.3)*
25 (41.7)
2.1 (1.1–4.3)
r (1)
58 (79.5)
43 (71.7)
1.5 (0.7–3.4)
r (1)
Marital status Never
Ever
11 (8.3)
122 (91.7)
7 (63.6)
90 (73.8)
r (1)
1.6 (0.4–5.9)
4 (36.4)
65 (53.3)
r (1)
2.0 (1.0–4.2)
7 (63.6)
94 (77.0)
r (1)
1.9 (0.5–7.0)
Education Bachelor
Higher
29 (21.8)
104 (78.2)
22 (75.9)
75 (72.1)
1.2 (0.5–3.1)
r (1)
15 (51.7)
54 (51.9)
r (1)
1 (0.4–2.3)
21 (72.4)
80 (76.9)
r (1)
1.3 (0.5–3.2)
Smoking Non-smoker
Current smoker
110 (82.7)
23 (27.3)
75 (68.2)
22 (95.7)***
r (1)
10.3 (1.3–79.3)
51 (46.4)
18 (78.3)***
r (1)
4.2 (1.4–12.0)
87 (79.1)
14 (60.9)
2.4 (0.9–6.3)
r (1)
Children No
Yes
16 (12.1)
117 (87.9)
11 (68.8)
86 (73.5)
r (1)
1.3 (0.4–3.9)
7 (43.8)
62 (53.0)
r (1)
1.4 (0.5–4.2)
11 (68.8)
90 (76.9)
r (1)
1.5 (0.5–4.7)
Work title Examiner
Pathologist
87 (65.4)
46 (34.6)
74 (85.1)***
23 (50.0)
5.7 (2.5–13.0)
r (1)
64 (73.6)***
5 (10.9)
22.8 (8.0–64.8)
r (1)
63 (72.4)
38 (82.6)
r (1)
1.8 (0.7–4.4)
Cities$ Same city
Different city
108 (81.2)
25 (18.8)
74 (68.5)
23 (92.0)*
r (1)
5.3 (1.2–23.7)
53 (49.1)
16 (64.0)
r (1)
1.8 (0.7–4.5)
86 (69.6)*
15 (60.0)
2.6 (1.0–6.6)
r (1)
Working years ≤ 12
> 12
70 (52.6)
63 (47.4)
52 (74.3)
45 (71.4)
1.2 (0.5–2.5)
r (1)
45 (64.3)***
24 (38.1)
2.9 (1.4–5.9)
r (1)
58 (82.9)*
43 (68.3)
2.2 (0.9–5.1)
r (1)
Working days/week ≤ 4
> 4
103 (77.4)
30 (22.6)
73 (70.9)
24 (80.0)
r (1)
1.6 (0.6–4.4)
50 (48.5)
19 (63.3)
r (1)
1.8 (0.8–4.2)
80 (77.7)
21 (70.0)
1.5 (0.6–3.7)
r (1)
Working hours/day ≤ 6
> 6
68 (51.1)
65 (48.9)
51 (75.0)
46 (70.8)
1.2 (0.6–2.7)
r (1)
40 (58.8)
29 (44.6)
1.8 (0.9–3.5)
r (1)
51 (75.0)
50 (76.9)
r (1)
1.1 (0.5–2.5)
On-call/month No
≤ 4
> 4
60 (45.1)
50 (37.6)
23 (17.3)
37 (61.7)
41 (82.0)*
19 (82.6)*
r (1)
2.8 (1.2–7.0)
3.0 (0.9–9.8)
20 (33.3)
34 (68.0)***
15 (65.2)***
r (1)
4.3 (1.9–9.5)
3.8 (1.4–10.3)
41 (68.3)
41 (82.0)
19 (82.6)
r (1)
2.1 (0.9–5.2)
2.2 (0.7–7.4)
Stressful duties/month ≤ 5
> 5
75 (56.4)
58 (43.6)
45 (60.0)
52 (89.7)***
r (1)
5.8 (2.2–15.1)
33 (44.0)
36 (62.1)*
r (1)
2.1 (1.0–4.2)
60 (80.0)
41 (70.7)
1.7 (0.7–3.7)
r (1)
Violent event/last year No
≤3
> 3
90 (67.7)
28 (21.0)
15 (11.3)
66 (73.3)
22 (78.6)
9 (60.0)
1.8 (0.6–5.7)
2.4 (0.6–9.6)
r (1)
48 (53.3)
14 (50.0)
7 (46.7)
1.3 (0.4–3.9)
1.1 (0.3–4.0)
r (1)
67 (74.4)
22 (78.6)
12 (80.0)
r (1)
1.3 (0.5–3.5)
1.4 (0.4–5.3)
  1. Note: COR = crude odds ratio, r = reference
  2. *, *** significant at p ≤ 0.05, ≤ 0.001, respectively
  3. aColumn %, otherwise row %
  4. bResidence and work cities