Skip to main content

Table 1 Major inorganic (IGSR) and organic (OGSR) particle present in Gunshot Residue encountered at the SOC (scene of crime)

From: Gunshot residue detection technologies—a review

Inorganic constituents Source Organic constituents Source
Lead Bullet and primer Nitroglycerine Primer mix/propellant mix
Barium Primer Nitrocellulose Double-base propellant/primer mix
Antimony Primer Diphenylamine (DPA) Single-base propellant powder
Copper Jacket of bullet Ethyl centralite (EC) Double-base powder/Propellant powder
Iron Barrel/bullet Ethyl phthalates Plasticizers/propellant powder
Chromium Propellants Glyceryl triacetate Plasticizers
Nitrates Inorganic oxide and from propellants Nitro guanidine Plasticizers/propellant powder
Nitrites Propellants 2,4-Dinitrotoluene(DNT) Flash suppressant/Propellant powder
Zinc Jacket/Primer cup/Primer mix 2,6-Dinitrotoluene (DNT) Flash suppressant/propellant powder
Nickel Nickel coating of shell/case 2,3-Dinitrotoluene(TNT) Flash suppressant/propellant powder
Sodium nitrate Primer mix 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Propellant powder/primer mix
Mercury Primer mix Akardite II (AK II) Propellant powder
Potassium Propellant/primer mix Methyl centralite (N, N-dimethyl carbanilide) Propellant powder
Magnesium, aluminum Primer mix Cyclonite (RDX) Propellant powder
Cupro-nickel Bullet jacket Pentaerythritol tetra nitrate (PETN) Propellant powder/primer mix
Zirconium powder Reducing agent Benzo nitrile Combustion byproduct
Tungsten From bullet Ethyl centralite Stabilizer
Tin Cartridge case Aniline Combustion byproduct
Strontium Oxidizer Anthracene Combustion byproduct
Stannic oxide Oxidizer Indole Combustion byproduct
Phosphoric acid Oxidizer Naphthalene Combustion byproduct
Mercury fulminate Explosive Nitrobenzene Explosive
Mercury Explosive p-Cresol Stabilizer
Phosphorus Cartridge case Toluene Combustion byproduct
Manganese/beryllium Fuel Picric acid Explosive
Bronze/brass Cartridge case Phytane Stabilizer
  1. DNT 2, 4-dinitrotoluene, TNT trinitrotoluene, PETN penta erythritol tetra nitrate, AK II akardite II, RDX cyclonite, EC ethyl centralite, DPA diphenylamine