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Table 4 Description of the variables collected. P indicates the significance of differences in variables in the two groups based on the test of equality of group averages; lambda indicates parameters for Box-Cox transformation

From: Sex estimation based on the anthropometric measurements of thyroid cartilage using discriminant analysis

Variable Males (n = 50) Females (n = 50) p lambda
Mean ± SD Range Mean ± SD Range
AGE 49.74 ± 19.87 20–93 52.46 ± 20.51 20–93 0.502
AA OUTER 4.15 ± 0.72 2.6–6.4 3.79 ± 0.60 2.7–4.9 0.007 − 0.153
AA INNER 3.78 ± 0.65 2.9–5.5 3.37 ± 0.64 2.5–4.5 0.002 − 0.083
ВВ OUTER 4.46 ± 0.64 3.1–6.1 3.82 ± 0.37 3.2–4.5 < 0.001 − 1.105
BB INNER 4.07 ± 0.64 2.4–5.6 3.52 ± 0.54 2.5–4.6 < 0.001 0.626
СС OUTER 3.88 ± 0.46 2.7–5 3.18 ± 0.20 2.8–3.6 < 0.001 − 1.232
CC INNER 3.36 ± 0.44 2.3–4.5 2.61 ± 0.11 2.4–2.9 < 0.001 − 2.356
DD OUTER 3.63 ± 0.49 2.4–4.6 2.87 ± 0.24 2.5–3.7 < 0.001 − 1.189
DD INNER 3.31 ± 0.40 2.4–4.2 2.42 ± 0.18 2.1–2.8 < 0.001 − 0.993
AD DEX 4.44 ± 0.28 3.8–5 3.48 ± 0.38 3.0–4.7 < 0.001 0.951
AD SIN 4.38 ± 0.33 3.6–5.2 3.52 ± 0.36 3.1–4.7 < 0.001 0.061
AB DEX 1.66 ± 0.20 1.1–2.1 1.27 ± 0.15 1.0–1.7 < 0.001 − 0.151
AB SIN 1.60 ± 0.28 0.9–2.3 1.27 ± 0.18 0.9–2.0 < 0.001 − 0.636
CD DEX 0.74 ± 0.21 0.4–1.3 0.61 ± 0.13 0.3–0.9 < 0.001 − 0.107
CD SIN 0.72 ± 0.16 0.4–1 0.53 ± 0.14 0.3–0.9 < 0.001 0.434
BE DEX 4.13 ± 0.31 2.8–4.6 3.01 ± 0.17 2.6–3.5 < 0.001 − 0.158
BE SIN 4.11 ± 0.24 3.7–4.6 3.00 ± 0.17 2.6–3.6 < 0.001 − 0.049
CF DEX 3.19 ± 0.31 2.5–3.7 2.77 ± 0.22 2.3–3.3 < 0.001 − 0.121
CF SIN 3.19 ± 0.30 2.5–3.7 2.77 ± 0.27 2.3–3.9 < 0.001 − 0.293
EF 1.88 ± 0.19 1.6–2.8 1.28 ± 0.14 1.0–1.6 < 0.001 0.083
Angle (α) 78.36 ± 5.54 66–93 94.95 ± 2.73 88–101 < 0.001 2.637
GH DEX 2.77 ± 0.19 2.4–3.1 2.02 ± 0.20 1.6–2.8 < 0.001 0.740
GH SIN 2.86 ± 0.17 2.5–3.2 2.14 ± 0.20 1.8–3.1 < 0.001 0.381
KL 3.81 ± 0.23 3.3–4.3 2.67 ± 0.20 2.4–3.6 < 0.001 0.026
MN 3.86 ± 0.20 3.3–4.3 2.74 ± 0.17 2.5–3.6 < 0.001 − 0.012
DEX thickness 0.29 ± 0.04 0.2–0.35 0.22 ± 0.03 0.1–0.3 < 0.001 0.807
SIN thickness 0.30 ± 0.05 0.2–0.36 0.23 ± 0.04 0.1–0.3 < 0.001 0.727
FP 2.63 ± 0.33 1.8–3.2 2.00 ± 0.16 1.5–2.5 < 0.001 − 0.712
Q 0.33 ± 0.05 0.25–0.45 0.26 ± 0.04 0.2–0.4 < 0.001 − 0.054
R 0.33 ± 0.05 0.2–0.45 0.26 ± 0.04 0.2–0.35 < 0.001 0.203
S 0.31 ± 0.05 0.2–0.45 0.26 ± 0.06 0.1–0.4 < 0.001 0.940
T 0.31 ± 0.06 0.2–0.6 0.26 ± 0.05 0.1–0.4 < 0.001 0.311
  1. Age is expressed in years, measurements in cm