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Table 2 Descriptive statistics adj. DFWLCD and sexual dimorphism in cephalic to caudal growth inhibition in the right and left sides of the hand

From: Adjacent digit fingerprint white line count differences: a pointer to sexual dimorphism for forensic application

  Male Female   
Adj. DFWLCD Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max Cephalocaudal growth Comment
dR12 0.56 ± 1.28 − 8 4 0.70 ± 1.69 − 4 5 > in female NS
dR13 0.47 ± 1.03 − 2 4 0.25 ± 1.76 − 8 4 > in males NS
dR14 0.45 ± 1.21 − 4 4 − 0.23 ± 2.18 − 10 4 > in males S
dR15 0.54 ± 1.22 − 4 4 0.09 ± 2.13 − 8 4 > in males S
dR23 − 0.09 ± 1.09 − 3 8 − 0.45 ± 1.59 − 5 5 > in males S
dR24 − 0.11 ± 1.31 − 7 8 − 0.93 ± 2.07 − 11 4 > in males HS
dR25 − 0.02 ± 1.26 − 7 8 − 0.61 ± 2.12 − 8 5 > in males S
dR34 − 0.02 ± 1.03 − 5 3 − 0.48 ± 1.97 − 8 7 > in males S
dR35 0.07 ± 1.02 − 5 3 − 0.16 ± 1.90 − 6 5 > in males NS
dR45 0.09 ± 1.11 − 4 5 0.32 ± 1.80 − 5 7 > in females NS
dL12 0.39 ± 1.42 − 9 4 0.47 ± 1.80 − 5 5 > in females NS
dL13 0.32 ± 1.40 − 3 5 0.18 ± 1.93 − 6 6 > in males NS
dL14 0.31 ± 1.30 − 4 4 − 0.60 ± 2.33 − 9 6 > in males HS
dL15 0.58 ± 1.24 − 3 4 − 0.05 ± 2.41 − 7 6 > in males S
dL23 − 0.07 ± 1.39 − 4 9 − 0.29 ± 1.60 − 5 4 > in males NS
dL24 − 0.07 ± 1.41 − 5 8 − 1.07 ± 2.13 − 10 3 > in males HS
dL25 0.19 ± 1.27 − 4 8 − 0.53 ± 2.35 − 9 5 > in males S
dL34 − 0.01 ± 1.17 − 4 5 − 0.78 ± 2.01 − 13 3 > in males HS
dL35 0.26 ± 1.08 − 4 3 − 0.23 ± 2.35 − 8 7 > in males S
dL45 0.27 ± 1.08 − 3 5 0.55 ± 2.05 − 5 6 > in females NS
  1. Adj. DFWLCD adjacent digit fingerprint white line counts difference, 25th–75th inter quartile range, min minimum, max maximum, SD standard deviation, d difference, R right, L left, 1–5 first to fifth digits, S significant (P < 0.05) HS highly significant (P < 0.001), NS not significant