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Table 3 Cohen’s kappa coefficient showing the agreement in characteristics between the admitted and the three exemplars

From: Genuine handwriting variations in 10 years: a pilot study

Exemplars Characteristics Admitted Kappa
  Size Small Medium Large  
1 Small 2 2 0 0.178
Medium 4 12 2
Large 0 2 1
2 Small 2 2 0 0.178
Medium 4 12 2
Large 0 2 1
3 Small 2 2 0 0.183
Medium 4 12 2
Large 0 2 1
  Slant Towards right Towards left Vertical  
1 Towards right 11 0 2 0.711**
Towards left 0 1 0
Vertical 1 1 9
2 Towards right 11 0 2 0.711**
Towards left 0 1 0
Vertical 1 1 9
3 Towards right 11 0 2 0.711**
Towards left 0 1 0
Vertical 1 1 9
  Rounded letters Narrow oval Rounded Oval Irregular  
1 Narrow oval 4 1 1 0 0.605**
Rounded 2 8 1 0
Oval 0 1 2 1
Irregular 0 0 0 4
2 Narrow oval 4 1 1 0 0.605**
Rounded 2 8 1 0
Oval 0 1 2 1
Irregular 0 0 0 4
3 Narrow oval 4 1 1 0 0.605**
Rounded 2 8 1 0
Oval 0 1 2 1
Irregular 0 0 0 4
  I-dot Circular Pointed Extended dot  
1 Circular 5 3 3 0.396**
Pointed 0 8 1
Extended dot 0 3 2
2 Circular 5 3 3 0.312*
Pointed 0 6 1
Extended dot 0 4 2
Irregular 0 1 0
3 Circular 5 3 3 0.357**
Pointed 0 7 1
Extended dot 0 3 2
Irregular 0 1 0
  T-bar Centre High Low Pre-placed Post-placed  
1 Centre 7 1 2 2 0 0.427**
High 1 4 0 0 0
Low 2 0 0 0 0
Pre-placed 0 0 0 2 0
Post-placed 2 0 0 0 2
2 Centre 7 1 1 2 0 0.496**
High 1 4 0 0 0
Low 2 0 1 0 0
Pre-placed 0 0 0 2 0
Post-placed 2 0 0 0 2
3 Centre 7 1 2 2 0 0.427**
  High 1 4 0 0 0
Low 2 0 0 0 0
Pre-placed 0 0 0 2 0
Post-placed 2 0 0 0 2
  Humped letters Pointed Round Oval Square topped  
1 Pointed 10 0 2 1 0.698**
Round 0 4 0 0
Oval 1 0 5 1
Square topped 0 0 0 1
2 Pointed 10 0 2 1 0.698**
Round 0 4 0 0
Oval 1 0 5 1
Square topped 0 0 0 1
3 Pointed 10 0 2 1 0.698**
Round 0 4 0 0
Oval 1 0 5 1
Square topped 0 0 0 1
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01