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Table 2 Perioperative mortality rate according to time after surgical interval, age, and patients’ ASA status

From: Perioperative and anesthetic deaths: toxicological and medico legal aspects

Age Mortality rate per 100,000 anesthetic procedures Mortality rate by ASA physical status Early mortality rate (< 24 h)** Late mortality rate (≤ 30 days)**
0–7 years 0.60 (0.12–3.2) I 0.40 (0.12–0.81) 76 243
8–15 years 1.20 (0.30–3.2) II 5.0 (1.6–9.1)
16–39 years 0.52 (0.24–0.93) III 27.0 (12.0–44.0)
40–74 years 5.20 (2.7–8.1) IV 55.0 (1.1–130.0)
≥ 75 years 21.00 (8.3–34.0)   
  1. Adapted from Lienhart et al. (2006)
  2. **Incidence of death analyzed in the perioperative period of 11.562 procedures