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Table 7 The treatment of addictive drug-induced acute toxicity of patients under the study

From: Retrospective study of addictive drug-induced acute toxicity of cases admitted to the Poison Control Centre of Ain Shams University Hospital (2015–2016)

Management plan Number Percent (%)
Airway and breathing
 Oxygen 172 21.4
 Nebulizers 25 3.1
 Mechanical ventilation 135 16.8
 Airway tube and suction 1 0.1
 ETT 163 20.3
 AMBU resuscitation 2 0.2
Circulation
 IV fluids 803 100
 Steroids 56 7
 Dopamine 21 2.6
Symptomatic
 Antibiotics 7 0.9
 Anti-emetics 7 0.9
 H2 blockers 49 6.1
 Bicarbonate 15 1.9
 Sedative hypnotics 96 12
 Epanutin 1 0.1
 Mannitol 3 0.4
Elimination of the drug
 Activated charcoal 31 3.9
 Mechanical emesis 1 0.1
 Gastric lavage 6 0.7
 Hemodialysis 11 1.4
Antidote
 Atropine 5 0.6
 Toxoguonin 5 0.6
 Ethanol 16 2
 Naloxone 133 16.6
 Flumazenil 18 2.2
 Folic acid 9 1.1