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Table 5 The effect of addictive drug-induced acute toxicity on serum electrolytes and blood glucose level among patients under the study

From: Retrospective study of addictive drug-induced acute toxicity of cases admitted to the Poison Control Centre of Ain Shams University Hospital (2015–2016)

Type of poisoning Sodium Potassium Blood Glucose
Normal Increased Decreased Normal Increased Decreased Normal Increased Decreased
N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N %
Alcohol 29 96.7 0 0 1 3.3 9 30 0 0 21 70 25 83.3 5 16.7 0 0
BZs 94 100 0 0 0 0 65 69.1 0 0 29 30.9 91 96.8 2 2.1 1 1.1
Cannabis 182 99.5 0 0 1 0.5 161 88 1 0.5 21 11.5 179 97.8 2 1.1 2 1.1
Opiate 84 100 0 0 0 0 56 66.7 2 2.3 26 31 75 89.3 7 8.3 2 2.4
Tramadol 288 98.3 2 0.7 3 1 194 66.2 5 1.7 94 32.1 275 93.9 15 5.1 3 1
Tramadol and opiates 50 98 0 0 1 2 33 64.7 2 3.9 16 31.4 46 90.2 3 5.9 2 3.9
Tramadol and BZs 15 93.7 0 0 1 6.3 13 31.2 0 0 3 18.8 14 87.5 2 12.5 0 0
Tramadol and cannabis 12 100 0 0 0 0 6 50 0 0 6 50 12 100 0 0 0 0
Other combination 40 100 0 0 0 0 23 57.5 2 5 15 37.5 32 80 4 20 4 20
Total 794 98.9 2 0.2 7 0.9 560 69.7 12 1.5 231 28.8 749 93.3 40 5 14 1.7
P value 0.601 0.000001 0.0001