Skip to main content

Table 4 Description of Clinical presentation among all patients with different types of poisoning

From: Retrospective study of addictive drug-induced acute toxicity of cases admitted to the Poison Control Centre of Ain Shams University Hospital (2015–2016)

Type of poisoning Skin GIT Neurological Pupil Total N
Cyanosis GIT Upset DCL Seizures Hallucination Disequilibrium Agitation Constricted Dilated
N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N % N %
Alcohol 0 0 8 26.7 14 46.7 0 0 0 0 1 3.3 4 13.3 0 0 3 10 30
BZs 0 0 4 4.3 71 75.5 0 0 3 3.2 6 6.4 8 8.5 17 18.1 3 3.2 94
Cannabis 2 1.1 7 3.8 143 78.1 1 0.5 0 0 7 3.8 2 1.1 13 7.1 3 1.6 183
Opiate 14 16.7 5 6 63 75 1 1.2 0 0 1 1.2 1 1.2 47 56 1 1.2 84
Tramadol 18 6.1 37 12.6 177 60.4 44 15 7 2.4 19 6.5 28 9.6 113 38.6 13 4.4 293
Tramadol and opiates 15 29.4 4 7.8 42 82.4 2 3.9 0 0 0 0 3 5.9 29 56.9 1 2 51
Tramadol and BZs 0 0 1 6.3 13 81.3 0 0 0 0 2 12.5 1 6.3 12 75 0 0 16
Tramadol and cannabis 0 0 5 41.7 7 58.3 0 0 0 0 2 16.7 0 0 3 25 0 0 12
Other combined 4 10 12 30 21 52.5 2 5 1 2.5 0 0 3 7.5 14 35 1 2.5 40
Total 53 6.6 83 10.3 551 68.6 50 6.2 11 1.4 38 4.7 50 6.2 248 30.9 25 3.1 803