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Table 1 Used material, commercial brands, manufacturers, and restorative method

From: Analysis of the surface roughness and microhardness of dental restorative materials exposed to heat sources and cold temperatures for human identification purposes

Category Commercial name Manufacturer Restorative method
(clinical steps)
Composite resin Filtek™ Z250 XT 3M ESPE™, Sumare, SP, Brazil 1. Acid etch (37% phosphoric acid, Alpha Etch DFL™, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil) for 15 s, washing, and drying;
2. Bonding system application (Adper Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE™, Sumare, SP, Brazil) and light curing (Ultralux EL, Dabi Atlante™, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil) for 10 s;
3. Material insertion in increments and light curing for 20 s;
4. Finishing and polishing (flexible discs Sof-Lex™ Pop-On, 3M ESPE™).
Glass ionomer cement Ketac™ Fil Plus 3M ESPE™, Sumare, SP, Brazil 1. Powder/liquid (1:1) agglutination up to 1 min;
2. Material application in increments until the cavity filling.
Amalgam Amalgam gs-80 (2 Spill) SDI™, Bayswater, Victoria, Austrália 1. Trituration (Ultramat 2, Dabi Atlante™) for 8 s.
2. Condensation, until the cavity filling, burnish, and finishing (carbide drill FG 7901F, KG Sorensen™, Cotia, SP, Brazil).
3. Polishing after 48 h (Kit Viking 8089, KG Sorensen™)