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Table 3 Showing Frequencies of minutiae or Ridge Characteristics present in the Fingerprints of Index and Middle finger of both Males and Females

From: Validation studies on gender determination from fingerprints with special emphasis on ridge characteristics

Minutiae Index Finger Middle finger
  Males (%) Females (%) Males (%) Females (%)
Ridge ending 48.75 50.24 49.67 50.62
Bifurcation 41.67 41.56 41.54 40.54
Short ridge 4.63 3.74 3.76 3.52
Point /Dot 1.73 0.65 1.18 1.13
Break 0.35 0.1 0.19 0.16
Enclosure 2.34 2.87 2.62 3.08
Overlap 0.05 0.1 0.09 0.1
Crossbar 0.1 0.05 0.14 0.16
Bridge (Two bifurcations together joined with one ridge) 0.25 0.48 0.49 0.54
Opposite bifurcation 0.1 0.16 0.24 0.1